What are the different types of open wounds?
Some of the main types of open wounds include:
A laceration is a wound that tears the skin and may also cause damage to the underlying tissue. Unlike abrasions, there is no skin loss. Blunt trauma is a common cause of lacerations.
Deep or long lacerations may require stitches by your doctor. If your wound continues to bleed, seek immediate medical evaluation as medical treatment is required.
A puncture is a hole in the skin, usually through all layers of the skin. It is usually caused by mishandling or stepping on sharp objects such as needles and nails. A bite by an animal may also be considered a stab wound. If you suffer a stab wound of any kind, go to an urgent care center right away.
Metal contact and animal bites pose an extremely high risk to your health. Metal tends to be dirty or rusted, and animal bites can carry bacteria or viruses from the animal's mouth directly into your body. These can quickly lead to serious infections if not handled properly by a doctor.
Burns are caused by overexposure to heat, electricity, radiation, lasers, or chemical agents. You can treat minor burns at home, but non-minor burns require immediate medical attention.
Burns can be classified according to the extent of the injury:
First-degree burns affect only the epidermis and may cause redness and pain.
Second degree burns affect the epidermis and dermis and may cause blisters.
Third-degree burns extend into the fatty layer under the skin and may damage nerves.
Also known as a skin tear, an avulsion is a deep break in the skin that tears it away from the underlying tissue. This type of wound is usually more severe and extensive. Traffic accidents and machine injuries are common causes of skin avulsions.
When an avulsion affects a large area of skin, doctors often view skin grafting as part of the treatment and reconstruction process.